Beware of the sharp gill covers of flathead when handling them. To maximise their eating qualities they should be killed humanely by iki jime or a firm knock to the head before placing them in an ice slurry after bleeding.
- Colouration sandy brown to grey dorsally with fine marbling. Whitish ventrally.
- Tail fin with horizontal black bars and a prominent yellow blotch near middle of fin.
- There are around 43 species of flatheads in Australian waters. They are all bottom dwellers which use their oversized pectoral and pelvic fins to completely bury themselves in soft substrates.
- Bar tailed flathead can be found in estuaries and inshore waters throughout the Indo-west Pacific region, as well as the eastern Mediterranean Sea.
- In Australia their distribution is along the northern parts of the country from Shark Bay (Western Australia) to Port Hacking (NSW).
- They live on soft bottoms in estuaries (sometimes up to freshwater), bays and coastal waters to depths of 40 meters.
Fish Size Common Length:
40-60 cm, maximum size around 100 cm and 4 kg.