The eating qualities of Australian salmon can be greatly improved if they are killed immediately by iki jime, or a firm knock to the head before placing them in an ice slurry after bleeding.
- Adult Australian salmon are dark blue-green above and silvery below, with irregularly defined spots arranged laterally in indistinct rows. The small pectoral fins are yellowish.
- Juveniles have several additional brown blotches over the flanks.
- Australian salmon mature at between 36 and 42 cm long (3-4 years old) and may live for up to 26 years.
- There are three species of Australian salmon. All have similar brain locations.
- Juveniles are usually seen in bays and estuaries. Adults are found in coastal waters.
- The eastern Australian salmon (A. trutta) occurs along Australia's east coast from SE QLD to Tasmania, and as far east as New Zealand.
- The western Australian salmon (A. truttaceaus) occurs from Shark bay in WA along Australia's southern coastline to Bass Strait in Victoria, including Tasmania.
- The third species (A. xylabion) occurs around Lord Howe Island, Norfolk Island and the Kermedec Islands (New Zealand).
Fish Size Common Length:
25-50 cm, maximum size around 89 cm and 9.5 kg.