The eating qualities of salmonids like Atlantic salmon can be greatly improved by killing them humanely by iki jime or a firm knock to the head before placing them in an ice slurry after bleeding.
- Juvenile Atlantic salmon have 8-12 blue-violet spots on the flanks with small red spots in-between.
- Adults at sea are bluish-green dorsally becoming silvery along the sides and white ventrally with a few black spots.
- During their freshwater spawning run they lose the silvery shine and become dull brown or yellowish. Males may be mottled with red or have large black patches.
- Maximum recorded age 13 years.
- This species is native to Europe and other countries that border the North Atlantic Ocean and Arctic Sea. In Australia Atlantic salmon are mainly aquacultured in Tasmania, but they have also been released in various localities including Lake Jindabyne.
- Under natural situations this species spawns in the upper reaches of temperate rivers with suitably cold water temperatures. After 1-6 years in freshwater the juveniles migrate down river and into the sea where the fish reach maturity after 1-4 years after which time they return to their home stream to spawn.
Fish Size Common Length:
Commonly 70-80 cm (28-32 inches), maximum size around 150 cm (60 inches) and around 46 kg (100 pounds).